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Celtic Iron Age - Stone Tympanum and Pediment

Antiquities - Celtic Iron Age


LOT 584

Estimate
GBP (£) 2,500 - 3,500
EUR (€) 2,800 - 3,920
USD ($) 3,250 - 4,560
Additional Fees*

Sold for (Inc. premium): £2,645

CELTIC IRON AGE - STONE TYMPANUM AND PEDIMENT

Circa 1st century BC - 1st century AD. A Celtic shrine tympanum and pediment fragment, the tympanum featuring four human busts facing outward: a tall male, a shorter female to his right, and two smaller figures to his left all facing the viewer; the eyes executed in the characteristic Celtic almond-shape, the nose flat, the mouth scaphoid, the hair stranded, combed forward for the male and centre-parted for the female; some details of the clothing visible on the far right figure. The iconography of the adult pair with smaller figures suggests a family group of parents and children; there are however parallels for a pair of deities depicted 'full-size' with diminutive attendants e.g. the tableau from Aquae Sulis (Bath, Somerset) depicting a horned god, a goddess and three smaller hooded companions. The execution is in the pre-Roman figural style, apparently uninfluenced by the classicizing tendencies of later Gallo-Roman art - compare e.g. the Sucellos/Nantosuelta pillar from Sarrebourg (Metz, Germany), with its naturalistic realization of the human form versus the Gallic style seen at Roquepertuse, Euffigneix and Entremont. 70cm wide.

Condition
Finely carved in limestone, some damage to lower edge, substantially complete.

Provenance
Believed found in Germany in the 19th century. Ex old English collection.

Literature
Ross, A. 'Pagan Celtic Britain', London, 1974; Megaw, R. and V. 'Celtic Art: From its Beginnings to the Book of Kells', London, 1989.

Date
Friday 19th March 2010 at The Swedenborg Hall 20-21 Bloomsbury WayLondon WC1A 2TH

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Lot No. 584

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Friday 19th March 2010 at The Swedenborg Hall 20-21 Bloomsbury WayLondon WC1A 2TH

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